Category Mathematics

Expectation of minimum of n i.i.d. uniform random variables

Let  be independent uniform random variables from , and consider the random variable . Computing the expectation is a routine computation: . However, there a slick way of computing this expectation. Let be another uniform random variable in . Consider the probability . On the one hand due to symmetry, it is equal to , on […]

Fair allocation of a pizza

Empty bins

Suppose that  balls,  where is a constant, are thrown sequentially to bins, all of which are initially empty. Let be the number of empty bins after we have thrown balls. Clearly, . Let’s see how we can understand this sequence of random variables. When we move from step to we throw a ball. It either falls in an […]